Tourism nearby airport
Claudius' and Traiano' ports
Work on the grand port of Claudius was begun by the emperor in 42 A.D. The realization of this construction of immense proportions took years, so many in fact that the inauguration took place under Emperor Nero in 64 A.D.Despite being colossal, the project turned out to be inadequate. Already in 62 A.D., as recorded by Tacitus, a storm destroyed 200 ships which were anchored in the harbour, and moreover in the following decades the port progressively became covered in sand.
Such problems spurred Trajan to create a new harbour further inland between 100 and 112 A.D. The Port of Trajan is connected to the sea by an even older port and to the Tiber River by an artificial canal, Fossa Traiana or Trajan's Ditch, today known as the Fiumicino Canal. The rest of Portus city (the "port" of Rome par excellence) is around three km from the current coastline: the modern road network, infrastructure and progressive urbanization, have made it difficult to single out on land.