ENVIRONMENT

FIUMICINO AIRPORT IS THE BEST IN EUROPE

"Leonardo da Vinci"airport in Fiumicino is under sustainable development and with the utmost care about the environment. According to the KPMG Sustainability Report, it is a certified best practice at European level on various sectors regarding the environment, such as separate collection, water recycling and reuse, energy production and reduced land use.

LOW LAND USE

A little known but very important record concerns the low land consumption characterising Leonardo da Vinci Airport. Fiumicino Airport covers approximately 1,600 hectares. One of the major European airports, it is also one of the most efficient in the use of land, a common good and non-renewable resource: land consumption per passenger arriving to and departing from Fiumicino in 2016 amounted to approximately 0.5 m2. In December 2016, Fiumicino Airport’s new international boarding area dedicated to “non-Schengen” flights was inaugurated: 22 new gates for an additional capacity of 6 million passengers, 90,000 m2 built on the existing land, without consuming a single square meter of extra land, involving cutting-edge technological solutions from energy efficiency to sound absorption.

TOWARDS "ZERO WASTE"

Leonardo da Vinci is frequented by 200,000 travellers, chaperones and workers every day. In this sort of “aeropolis” the waste produced every day is almost all sent for recycling, thanks to widespread waste recycling: at Fiumicino and Ciampino, approximately 80% of the waste produced in 2016, amounting to over 9,000 tonnes, was recovered and “circular” forms of recovery, reuse and recycling were launched.

SAVING DRINKING WATER

The airport city also scores excellent results in the efficient use of water: between 2013 and 2015, despite a significant increase in passengers, drinking water consumption decreased by 200,000 m3, the equivalent volume of a 60-floor skyscraper. Between 2015 and 2016, drinking water withdrawals further decreased by over 309,000 m3, with a reduced consumption of drinking water per passenger of approximately 50% compared with 2010.

RECYCLING WASTE WATER

Volumes of passengers in transit and the number of staff of the various companies operating within Fiumicino and Ciampino Airports, make the use of water at the two airports, for both drinking water and industrial use, a significant factor in environmental impact. AdR's action in this context is aimed at three main objectives: on the one hand, to reduce water resource withdrawals as much as possible, on the other hand, to maximum the recovery and recycling of water used for industrial purposes. Amongst the solutions adopted for a more efficient and rational use of water resources is the presence, at Fiumicino, of a wastewater treatment system with an activated sludge purifier that enables significant amounts of water to be reused for industrial purposes, 14 rainwater systems and 4 de-oiling systems that purify the water collected from runways and taxiways from any pollutants before they enter the receiving water body.

SAVINGS AND RENEWABLE SOURCES

Another significant chapter in the Group's environmental “best practices” concerns energy: in recent years, both Rome airports recorded a sharp downward trend in electricity consumption per passenger. In 2016, partly due to an increased number of passengers (+3.2% from 2015) and despite the high energy demand associated with the construction of new Boarding Area E, electricity consumption at the airport declined (-0.7%). In 2016, at Fiumicino, 151.2 GWh were consumed, with a kWh/passenger indicator equal to 3.62 (-4.2% from 2015). From 2009 to 2016, the kWh/passenger indicator decreased from 5.23 to 3.62, with a reduction of 31%. In 2016, at Ciampino, 10 GWh were consumed (-6% from 2015), with a kWh/passenger indicator equal to 1.86, down 27% from 2.56 in 2009.
Furthermore, at Fiumicino, a “smart grid” area for the production of energy from renewable sources became operational: a photovoltaic solar power system of 15 kW in electric energy and 20 kW thermal energy, a solar power plant with a concentration of 7 kW in thermal energy and a 3kW wind power plant.

AT THE FOREFRONT AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE

In 2011, AdR joined ACI Europe's ”Airport Carbon Accreditation” (ACA), a programme aimed at limiting climate-changing emissions associated with airport activities. Fiumicino Airport offset its direct and indirect emissions, achieving and maintaining the “3+ Neutrality” level, acquiring “carbon credits” from renewable energy production projects and energy-saving lighting systems: Fiumicino is one of the few airports in the world with over 30 million passengers to have achieved this standard of excellence as part of the Airport Carbon Accreditation emissions certification system.

A SUSTAINABLE AIRPORT

In developing the capital's airport system AdR uses, as a reference, the most advanced design and construction methodologies. This means, for instance, that over 95% of the waste produced by the construction site will be recovered and returned to the production process. The new infrastructure will be constructed using at least 30% of materials derived from recycling processes, thus reducing the consumption of raw materials and impacts from extraction and processing procedures. Specifically, in 2016, AdR adhered to the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) sustainability requirements in the construction of new infrastructure, achieving the “LEED Gold” certification for the redevelopment of the General Aviation building at Ciampino Airport.